Paper 1, Prescribed subject 2: The Arab–Israeli conflict 1945-79

This prescribed subject addresses the development of the Arab–Israeli conflict from 1945 to 1979. It also requires consideration of the role of outside powers in the conflict either as promoters of tension or mediators in attempts to lessen tensions in the region. The prescribed subject requires study of the political, economic and social issues behind the dispute and the specific causes and consequences of the military clashes between 1948-9 and 1973. The nature and extent of social and economic developments within the disputed territory of Palestine/Israel within the period and their impact on the populations should also be studied. The end date for the prescribed subject is 1979 with the signing of the Egyptian–Israeli peace agreement.


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Areas on which the source-based questions will focus are:

- Last years of the British Mandate; UNSCOP partition plan and the outbreak of civil war

- British withdrawal; establishment of Israel; Arab response and the 1948-49 war

- Demographic shifts: the Palestinian diaspora 1947 onwards, Jewish immigration and the economic development of the Israeli state

- Suez Crisis of 1956: role of Britain, France and the United States, the USSR, Israel and the UNO

- Arabism and Zionism; emergence of the PLO

- Six Day War of 1967 and the October War of 1973: causes, course and consequences

- Role of the United States, USSR and UNO

- Camp David and the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Agreement